Bio

Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga in 1881 and died in Mougins in 1973. He was a painter, sculptor and engraver regarded as the most popular and influential artist of the twentieth century and the greatest exponent of Cubism.

From a very young university Picasso was attracted to painting and drawing, thanks to the influence of his father, the artist José Ruiz Blasco.
Due to his father’s work they lived in several cities until in 1895 they moved to Barcelona. There Picasso began his artistic training at the Llotja in Barcelona, where his father was a teacher. From the beginning his pictorial skills surprised teachers and students, allowing him to skip classes to work on his works.
In Barcelona Picasso surrounded himself with a group of artists such as Ramon Casas and Santiago Rusiñol, with whom he met in the bar "Els Quatre Gats" and discussed art, culture, literature or politics, among other topics.
In 1897 Picasso entered the Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando but after a brief stinging in it, he returned to Barcelona and set up his first studio at the age of 16.

Between 1901 and 1904 Picasso alternated his residence between Madrid, Barcelona and Paris, while his painting entered the so-called blue period, strongly influenced by symbolism and the suicide of his friend Carles Casagemas.

In 1904 Picasso decided to move definitively to the French capital, and more specifically to the bohemian district of Montmatre. Some of his great friends were Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob or André Salmon.
During this time his painting experienced a new evolution, characterized by a palette tending to earth and pink colors. Thus began his "pink period", at which point he met his muse, model and first wife Fernande Olivier. He also came into contact with personalities such as american brothers Leo and Gertrude Stein or what would become their marcher, Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler.

At the end of 1906 Picasso began working on a large-format composition that was going to change the course of 20th-century art: "Les demoiselles d’Avignon". Picasso would unknowingly create a new movement and his most characteristic seal: Cubism. Together with another painter named Georges Braque I have a 180-degree turn to plastic heritage since the Renaissance, especially in the field of pictorial representation of volume.

Between 1909 and 1912 Picasso and Braque developed this style in a first analytical phase. In 1912 they introduced an element of flexibility in the form of paper cutouts and other materials directly applied to the canvas, a technique they called collage. The admission in the exclusive cubism circle of the Spanish painter Juan Gris led to the synthetic stage of this style, marked by a richer color gamut and the material and referencing multiplicity.
During the rise of Cubism Picasso separated from Fernande and began a relationship with Eva Guel. She would die in 1915.
Between 1915 and the mid-1920s Picasso gradually abandoned the rigours of Cubism to enter a figurativist phase known as the classical phase. During this period he collaborated with Sergey Diaghilev, the impresario of the Russian Ballets, producing the stage designs for "Parade" (1919), "The Three-Cornered Hat" (1920) and "Pulcinella" (1921), among others.
On a trip to Italy Picasso met his first wife, the dancer Olga Koklova, whom he married in 1919. Two years later their first son Paulo was born.

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In 1928, following his meeting with the artist Julio González, Picasso became interested in sculpture. Between them they introduced important innovations, such as the use of wrought iron.
In 1935 their daughter Maya was born, the fruit of a new sentimental relationship with Marie-Therèse Walter, with whom Pablo Picasso lived openly, although he was still married to Olga Koklova; from 1936 onwards they had to share the painter with a third woman, the photographer Dora Maar.

When the Spanish Civil War broke out, Picasso increased his political commitment by positioning himself in favour of the Republican side. It was then that he painted one of his most important and universal works: Guernica.
The absence of colour and the figures in unnatural postures denounced the bombing by the Nazi German air force that razed this Basque town to the ground in an action in support of General Francisco Franco’s troops.
In 1943 Picasso met Françoise Gilot, with whom he would have two children, Claude and Paloma. Three years later he left Paris to settle in Antibes, where he added ceramics to his favourite medium.

In the 1950s Picasso produced numerous series on great classical paintings, which he reinterpreted in homage to them. In 1961 he married Jacqueline Roque, who was to be the artist’s last significant romantic relationship.
Picasso and Jacqueline retired to the Château de Vouvenargues, where he continued to work tirelessly until the day of his death.

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Work

Bacchanale, 1963

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Betsabée, 1966

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Sin Título, 1970

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